J M Jacquard - Ne a Lyon le 7 Juillet 1752 Mort le 7 Aout 1834

Inventor of the Jacquard loom. Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752 - 1834). Lyons mechanic who developed the weaving loom which bears its name. It was first presented at the World Fair of Paris in 1801.

In 1801 he demonstrated an automatic loom incorporating revolutionary new technology; it was declared public property in 1806, and Jacquard was rewarded with a pension and a royalty on each machine. His loom utilized interchangeable punched cards that controlled the weaving of the cloth so that any desired pattern could be obtained automatically. The Jacquard loom's technology became the basis of the modern automatic loom and a precursor of the modern computer. His punched cards were adapted by Charles Babbage as an input/output medium for his proposed analytical engine and by Herman Hollerith to feed data to his census machine, and punched cards were used for inputting data into early digital computers.



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