Neyret Freres Silks

Neyret Freres is a French company that is still in business but they offer no information about their old silks.

I am indebted to Charles Neyret for providing the following.

I have some information about the history of the Neyret Freres Company. In 1825, M. Antoine Bizaillon created a company to make woven ribbons in St Etienne. As he only had young children, when he retired he sold his company to his nephew, Jean-Baptiste Neyret (1825-1889), who was working with him. At that time it was only a small company and there were many in St Etienne.

In a few years Jean-Baptiste Neyret changed the company to a higher level. He understood that in the textile industry, the danger was the uncontrollable fluctuations of the ladies fashion. So he changed the activity of the company to more permanent products such as special ribbons for official decoration, trade mark images for manufacturers on their clothes etc... I don't know when they moved into artistic image products and complementary items.

Jean-Baptiste Neyret was so successful that he became very rich. In 1860 he decided to invest in other industrial activities. As he was enthusiastic for the potential of the new hydraulic energy, he created, along with the engineer Casimir Brenier a big factory in Rioupeyroux near Grenoble to make paper. The hydraulic turbine had a power of 800 HP, which was a record at that time. Nowadays that factory is an aluminium factory belonging to Pechiney, but the company has conserved as a historical museum the original hydraulic turbine and the 24m high steel tubes bringing the water from the mountain. In these factories Jean-Baptiste Neyret created a special social fund to help workers in case of illness, retirement or other big family problems.

After Jean Baptiste's retirement the Neyret Frères company was ruled by Joseph Neyret (1858-1944) my grandfather and the Rioupeyroux factory by Jean Neyret, my grand uncle. Note that Jean sold this Company to a steel milling company called "Acièries de Firminy". He became chairman of that company. He was there at the origin of the decision to build a new steel milling factory near the sea-side, in the Dunkerque area. 100 years before everyone else, he had understood the importance to have an easy and cheap procurement of the iron ore from Africa or others countries.

To illustrate the influence of the Neyret family at that time, during several years the "business court" in St Etienne was ruled by Jean-Baptiste as chairman, also by his father in law André Merliie, and his son and son in law were judges! Joseph was also a successful manager. He was reputed to be very generous, and helped a lot of people (nephews or others) to establish themselves.

Neyret Frères has donated a loom in working condition to the 'Museum of Art and Industry' as well as a stock of "Jacquard Cartons".

Musee d'arts et Indusrties
2 plca Louis Compte
St Etienne ( Loire )
tel: 33 4 77 49 73 00
fax:33 4 77 49 73 05
The conservator (conservatrice) is Mrs Besse.

From time to time some retired workers come to operate the loom as a working demonstration. Also they operate other looms making ribbons or braids. The same Museum has got a huge collection (1,500,000) of ribbons made by different companies in St Etienne from the 19è century.

By the way that museum has got also an impressive collection of weapons and bicycles, the two other traditional activities in St Etienne. From my point of view, it is one of the most interesting museums, with a lot of items and well prepared for children to learn about silk woven pictures.

I remember my Uncle Antoine (1899-1990), who was a fine technician, has explained, at the end of the year 1950 that it was then very difficult to procure good quality silk. In the old days the silk came from China and it was necessary to get the highest level of quality to make these pictures. Maybe the problem came with the Chinese political situation or perhaps the old China producers disappeared? He said it was a pity to produce new pictures with bad quality silk coming from Japan or other countries compared to old silk.

He explained also to get a good rendering for the grey color, for instance, they were using more than twelve different grey silks in a picture. After the year 1950 the manufacturing cost was very high, and the number of customers ready to pay this cost was very low, so Neyret Frères turned to more active products!



I have got more precise information from my elder brother, who was in the board of Neyret Frères after the death of our father Xavier (1901-1974). The manufacturing of the artistic woven pictures was stopped at the end of the year 1970. The number of workers on these products at that time was 5 and the yearly value of sales was only 50,000 Euros. That is to say the value of sales was covering less than 1/3 of the cost!!

Nowadays the manufacturing of woven pictures for trade marks on clothes is always made on "Jacquard" looms but the control of the mechanism on these looms is fully computerised. It was easy to do because the Jacquard mechanism used cards with rows of punched holes and spaces to develop the design. This is similar to the binary logic used by the computer language (0 or 1). The cards (lisage) are read by numeric camera or scanner and it is easy to make samples for the customer without spending a lot of hours as it was necessary in the former times to prepare the loom.

Other stories about the family. Jean Baptiste's second son, Jean (1885-1942) was elected as mayor of St Etienne from 1908 to 1920. At that time the town was 180,000 inhabitants and he got the nickname of "Jean la lampe" because he thought that the electric light was such a wonderfull inovation that everybody, even the poor people should get it. He made the decision that the town should put one lamp, free of charge, in every house or flat in the city which the town supplied at a very low cost.

When I was a child, our school teachers sent us from time to time to visit poor old men or women, giving to them some sweets or oranges, or things like that. One day, an old woman discovering my name, showed me the lamp hanging from the ceiling of her old single room flat: " Look at that boy; it is still a lamp of Jean la lampe!

The 6th son of Jean Baptiste,was named Paul (1860-1943) and was working in Neyret Frères as finance and sales manager. He was very skillfull in that job. ln 1889 he made a journey into Germany and fell in love with the daugther of a very high general of the german army. However, in France, everybody was still frustrated after our defeat in the 1870 war, with the huge amount of money we had to pay to Germany, plus the Alsace - Lorraine area, and the the family strictly refused this wedding to take place! Paul was so upset that he decided immediatly to stop all activities and to leave the family and went as a Benecictine monk in Ligugé. He was seeking to pray to the Lord day and night..... but the Benedictines very soon recognized his skill in finances and put him in charge of handling all the finances of the Benedictin congregation! After the french law of 1905 which forbade any religious congregation, he had to move to Belgium. During the 1st world war, that area was under the control of the german army. Paul built an underground organisation to help french prisoners to escape and go through the german lines and come back to France. (This story is written in the book "hommes des bois, pantalons rouges". I read it a long time ago but I am unable to find a copy of this book again. He was discovered and condemned to death by the germans but the Cathalic officials responsible in Rome, succeeded to convince the germans not to do it. After the war the 1905 law was cancelled and he came back to Ligugé where he died in 1943, despite seeing the german army there again. He said that he had been a victim 3 times in his life due to the conflicts beetween Germany and France!


Many of the Neyret Freres silk postcards found today were published by E. Deffrene in France between 1916 and 1919. The subject matters were mainly in the following categories.




Patriotism


Portraits
Portraits


Deffrene - A Briand
Deffrene - Captain Charles Fryatt
Deffrene - Cardinal Mercier - Archeveque De Malines
Deffrene - De Castelnau
Deffrene - Foch
Deffrene - G Clemenceau - le Pere la Victoire
Deffrene - G'al Douglas Haig
Deffrene - G'al Petain
Deffrene - Joffre - (1 medal & ribbon)
Deffrene - King Albert of Belgium
Deffrene - King George V - (two different mounts)
Deffrene - Lloyd George
Deffrene - Lord Kitchener - (2 different mats)
Deffrene - M'al French
Deffrene - President Poincare of France
Deffrene - Queen of the Belgians
Deffrene - The Prince of Wales
'Flames' Series of Burning Buildings - Published by E Deffrene
'Flames' Series of Burning Buildings - Published by E Deffrene

This represents the complete list of 'Flames' postcards according to "The Silk Postcard" by C Radley, published in 1985.

Neyret Freres - Flames - Abbeville L'Eglise St Vulfran
Neyret Freres - Flames - Albert 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Albert 1914 Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - Amiens La Cathedrale
Neyret Freres - Flames - Armentieres - St Roch 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Armentieres - St Roch 1916
Neyret Freres - Flames - ARRAS Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - Arras 1915
Neyret Freres - Flames - BAPAUME 1917
Neyret Freres - Flames - CAMBRAI 1918 HOTEL de VILLE
Neyret Freres - Flames - Canal de Furnes 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - CHAUNY 1917
Neyret Freres - Flames - Ch EAU de Boesinghe 1915
Neyret Freres - Flames - Clermont En Argonne 1915
Neyret Freres - Flames - DINANT 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Dixmude 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Dixmude Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - DOUAI 1918
Neyret Freres - Flames - Dunkerque 1915
Neyret Freres - Flames - Eglise de Ribecourt 1916
Neyret Freres - Flames - Eglise Du Mont St. Eloi 1915
Neyret Freres - Flames - Frise (Somme) 1916
Neyret Freres - Flames - Furnes 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - GERBEVILLIERS 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - La Maison du Passeur
Neyret Freres - Flames - Lille la Bourse
Neyret Freres - Flames - Limey 1914 (Lorraine)
Neyret Freres - Flames - Loo 1916
Neyret Freres - Flames - Louvain 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Louvain Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - Malines 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Martyr Ypres
Neyret Freres - Flames - Martyr Ypres Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - Maurupt Marne 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Metz La Cathedrale
Neyret Freres - Flames - Nancy Eglise St Epure
Neyret Freres - Flames - Nieuport 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Nieuport Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - NOYON 1917
Neyret Freres - Flames - Ostende Gare Maritime
Neyret Freres - Flames - Ostende Eglise St Pierre & St Paul
Neyret Freres - Flames - Peronne 1917
Neyret Freres - Flames - Pervyse 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Ramscapelle 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Reims 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Reims Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - Soissons Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - St Jean Des Vignes Soissons 1915
Neyret Freres - Flames - St Mihiel - Eglise St Michel 1918
Neyret Freres - Flames - St QUENTIN 1917
Neyret Freres - Flames - Strasbourg La Cathedrale
Neyret Freres - Flames - Termonde 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - TERMONDE Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - Verdun 1916
Neyret Freres - Flames - Verdun La Cathedrale 1916
Neyret Freres - Flames - VIMY 1917
Neyret Freres - Flames - Woesten 1916
Neyret Freres - Flames - Berry-Au-Bac 1915
Neyret Freres - Flames - Bruges 1918
Neyret Freres - Flames - Bruxelles Hotel De Ville 1918
Neyret Freres - Flames - Charleroi, Hotel Du Telegraphie
Neyret Freres - Flames - Chateau Thierry 1918
Neyret Freres - Flames - Gand 1918
Neyret Freres - Flames - Lampernisse 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Laon (1918) La Cathedrale
Neyret Freres - Flames - Liege, Palais Des Princes
Neyret Freres - Flames - Lihons 1915 (Somme)
Neyret Freres - Flames - Mgr Lucon Reims 1914
Neyret Freres - Flames - Nancy La Cathedrale
Neyret Freres - Flames - Reims 1915
Neyret Freres - Flames - Reims 1918
Neyret Freres - Flames - Rethel 1918
Neyret Freres - Flames - Tilloloy (Somme) 1916
Neyret Freres - Flames - Valenciennes 1918
Neyret Freres - Flames - Vaubecourt 1914
'Flames' Series of Burning Buildings- Published by Edition Gabriel - Type 2 Printed
'Flames' Series of Burning Buildings- Published by Edition Gabriel - Type 2 Printed


Neyret Freres - Flames - Albert 1914 Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - ARRAS Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - Louvain Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - Nieuport Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - Reims Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - Soissons Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - TERMONDE Type 2
Neyret Freres - Flames - Martyr Ypres Type 2
Sentimental Greetings and Miscellaneous
Sentimental Greetings and Miscellaneous


Allons Mamon en fais pas ! - NF
Assis a l'ombre de la Croix
Blind Man's Bluff - F Morgan - NF
Jean Jaures 1859-1916 Martyr De La Paix
La Fayette, Nous Voici - St Etienne - NF
Lost in the Woods
Martyre et Gloire
On Les Aura!
President Wilson - Le Maitre de L'heure
President Wilson
Soldier Drinks Wine - NF
Soldier with Drum Writes Home - Georges Scott - NF
St Etienne - Ecole de Dessin
Vers La Victoire - Souvenir Of The World War
Neyret Freres - No Flames - Type 3
Neyret Freres - No Flames - Type 3


Neyret Freres - Flames - Louvain
Neyret Freres - Edith Cavell
Neyret Freres - Edith Cavell

INTRIGUE - By Peter Clowes

A fanatically selfless sense of duty drove nurse Edith Cavell to harbor Allied soldiers behind German lines.

Cavell first worked as a governess for a family in Brussels, then became a nurse. By 1911, she was training nurses for three hospitals, 24 schools and 13 kindergartens in Belgium. She was a brisk, businesslike, rather straight-laced woman with a high crown of graying hair and gray eyes.

Edith Cavell - 2 dogs printed
Edith Cavell - 1 dog
Edith Cavell - 2 dogs
Edith Cavell - Embroidered with small inset portrait
Edith Cavell - Insert
Reproductions Artistiques Tissees Sur Rubans<BR> .......... Brochure Par Neyret Freres - General Subjects
Reproductions Artistiques Tissees Sur Rubans<BR> .......... Brochure Par Neyret Freres - General Subjects


A LA SOURCE - - - - - d'apres Emile Munier (1840 - 1895)
AU PUITS - - - - - d'apres Diana Coomans (1861-1952)
BAPTEME
BAT L'EAU - - - - - d'apres Paul Tavernier (1852 - 1943)
BONAPARTE TRAVERSANT LES ALPES - - - - - d'apres Jacques-Louis David (1748 - 1825)
BONS AMIS - - - - - d'apres Paul Hermann Wagner (1852 - 1937)
CASSE-COU - - - - - d'apres Charles Alexandre Coessin De La Fosse (1829-1910)
CERFS SOUS BOIS - - - - - d'apres Marie-Rosalie Bonheur (1822 – 1899)
CHASSE AUX SANGLIERS - - - - - d'apres Georges Louis Charles Busson (1859-1933)
CONFIDENCE - Walliam
DANS LE GYNECEE - - - - - d'apres Diana Coomans (1861-1952)
DANSE VILLAGEOISE - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
DAPHNIS ET CHLOE - - - - - d'apres Jean Leon Gerome (1834-1904)
DIANE CHASSERESSE - - - - - d'apres Georges Louis Charles Busson (1859-1933)
ENFILERAS PAS ! - - - - - d'apres Luigi Bechi (1830-1919)
FLORE - - - - - Elizabeth Sonrel (1874-1953)
GRANDS-PARENTS - Massani
HEROS DU JOUR - Fred. Morgan
HEUREUSE RENCONTRE - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
HEUREUSE RENCONTRE - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
HEUREUX AGE - Percy Tarrant
IDYLLE CHAMPETRE - - - - - d'apres Jean Leon Gerome (1834-1904)
INDISCRETION - Jules Girardet
JACQUARD - C. Bonnefond
JEU DE BASCULE - Fred. Morgan
JEUNESSE - L. Kowalski
L'ANGELUS - Millet
L'AVERSE - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
L'AVERSE - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
L'ESCARPOLETTE - E. L. Foubert
L'ORAGE - P. A. Cot
LA CRUCHE CASSEE - Greuze
LA LAITIERE - Greuze
LA LECON DE BILLARD - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
LA LECON DE CLAVECIN - J. A. Muenier
LA LECON D'ESCRIME - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
LA PAVANE - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
LE DEPART - Jules Girardet
LE FIL DE LA VIERGE - - - - - Elizabeth Sonrel (1874-1953)
LE NOEL DES VIEUX - A Perret
LE PREMIER PAS - Vely
LE PRINTEMPS - P. A. Cot
LE PUITS COURIOT - Louis Paret
LE SECRET - Wunsch
LE SENTIER DANGEREUX - Hamza
LECON DE MUSIQUE - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
LES GLANEUSES - Millet
LUTTE ENFANTINE - Fred. Morgan
MARCHANDE DE FLEURS - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
MARIAGE
NAPOLEON
NETTOYAGE DE MAGASIN - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
PARENTS HEUREUX - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
PERDUS DANS LA FORET - Wunsch
PLAISIRS D'ENFANTS - - - - - d'apres Mariano Alonso Perez (1853-1930)
PREMIERE CULOTTE - Fred. Morgan
PROMENADE EN MER - Walden
RICHARD WAGNER
RIEN NE VA PLUS
ROUGET DE L'ISLE - Chantant La Marseillaise - Pils
SUIVEZ LE GUIDE - Percy Terrant
SUR L'ETANG - A. F.
TOUT VA BIEN
UN GUIGNOL SOUS LE DIRECTOIRE - Lonza
Reproductions Artistiques Tissees Sur Rubans <BR>.......... Brochure par Neyret Freres - Religious Subjects
Reproductions Artistiques Tissees Sur Rubans <BR>.......... Brochure par Neyret Freres - Religious Subjects


COMMUNION DE LA VIERGE
ECCE HOMO - Guido Reni
ECCE HOMO
JEANNE D'ARC - Ingres
JEANNE D'ARC - G. Doyen
JEHANNE D'ARC ECOUTANT LES VOIX - F Lematte
JESUS APAISANT LA TEMPETE - Raymond Balze
JESUS AU JARDIN DES OLIVIERS - J. Aubert
JESUS CRUCIFIE
L'ADORATION (VIERGE A L'HOSTIF) - Muller
LA CENE - J. Aubert
LA VIERGE A LA CHAISE - Raphael
LES RAMEAUX - - - - - Elizabeth Sonrel (1874-1953)
MARIA VIRGO - Lacaille
MATER DOLOROSA - Guido Reni
MATER DOLOROSA
NOTRE-DAME DE LOURDES
NOTRE-DAME DE LOURDES
NOTRE-DAME DU PERPETUEL-SECOURS
PANIS ANGELORUM
PIUS PP X
S S PIUS X
PIUS PP XI
S S PIUS XII
PRIERE DE L'ENFANT JESUS - - - - - Elizabeth Sonrel (1874-1953)
REPOS EN EGYPTE - J. Aubert
SACRE COEUR
SACRE COEUR
SAINT FRANCOIS D'ASSISE
SAINT JEAN-MARIE VIANNEY - Cure d'Ars
SAINTE BERNADETTE
SAINTE GENEVIEVE - Puvis De Chavannes
SAINTE THERESE DE L'ENFANT JESUS
SAINTE THERESE DE L'ENFANT JESUS - Edgard Maxence
SANTO CRISTO DE LIMPIAS
SPES UNICA - Jules Monge
VIERGE DU ROSAIRE
VIERGE MIRACULEUSE


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