In 1870 James Starley, with William Hillman (England), developed the ariel, officially known as the ordinary bicycle, nicknamed the penny-farthing. The very large front wheel allowed an increase in the distance covered per turn of the pedal. The penny-farthing became an immediate success in Australia. Clubs were formed in each colony and by 1884 there were thirty. Like the football and soccer clubs of today, each had its registered colours, and members were expected to wear uniform whenever they went cycling in a group.
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