Queen Victoria, whose father died soon after she was born Alexandrine Victoria in 1819, was only 18 when she came to the throne in 1837 as the result of the failure of any of George III's sons older than her father, the Duke of Kent, to produce a legitimate heir. Her reign was the longest in British history. She married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha on 10 February 1840 and this marriage, which ended with his death in 1861 at the age of 42, was happy and produced nine children.
These children were, in order of birth:
Victoria (Vicky), Princess Royal, b.1840, d. 1901 as dowager Empress of Germany (married Frederick (Fritz) of Prussia, 1858)
Albert Edward (Bertie), Prince of Wales, b. 1841, d.1910 as King Edward VII (married Princess Alexandra of Denmark, 1863)
Alice, b. 1843, d. 1878 as Grand Duchess of Hesse-Darmstadt (married Prince Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt, 1862)
Alfred (Affie), b. 1844, d.1900 as Duke of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (married Princess Marie of Russia, 1874)
Helena (Lenchen), b.1846, d.1923 as Princess Helena of Schleswig-Holstein (married Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein)
Louise, b.1848, d.1939 as Dowager Duchess of Argyll (married Marquess of Lorne 1871)
Arthur, b.1850, d.1942 as Duke of Connaught (married Princess Louise of Prussia)
Leopold, b.1853, d.1884 as Duke of Albany (married Princess helena of Waldeck-Pyrmont)
Beatrice, b. 1856, d. 1944 as Princess Beatrice of Battenberg (married Prince Henry of Battenberg)
Queen Victoria died on 22 January 1901.
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