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The Second Boer War
The Boers began to arm themselves with modern weapons, including the German Mauser Rifle (deadly at 2500 yards). British Army Corps in South Africa at this time totalled 46000 men whereas the Boer Army totalled 87000 men. On the 9th October 1899 the Boer generals sent an ultimatum to the British in Cape Colony. Two days lapsed, the British had not replied and war was formally declared by the Boers of Transvaal and Orange Free State on Britain. It was the 11th October 1899.
The Boers attack swiftly, laying siege to Ladysmith, Mafeking and Kimberley. The Boers defeated British troops at Stormberg, Magersfontein, Dundee, Newcastle and Colenso. These early victories did not last. The Boers were too ill-informed and had half of their troops laying siege. The Boers lost their strategic offence early because they restrained at the sieges at Ladysmith, Mafeking and Kimberley. Australia openly supported Britain and were quick to offer assistance. They were joined by Canada, New Zealand, Celyon and India. The first British victory came at Elandslaagte on the 21st of October 1899. In 1900 Lord Roberts went back to Britain thinking the war was over.
Wilhelm I (1797-1888) was the seventh King of Prussia and the first German Emperor or Kaiser. He asceeded to the Prussian throne in 1861 after his older brother Frederick William IV died. He was instrumental with the assistance of of the Iron Chancelor, Count von Bismark, and other advisors in founding the German state in the modern sence--uniting a great diversity of prinipalities under the martial leadership of Prussia. William was crowned Emperor in 1871 after defeating Emperor Napoleon III in the Framco Prussian War. He and his descendents retained the crown of Prussia.
1662 August 24th. BICENTENARY of THE ACT OF UNIFORMITY.......TO THE MEMORY OF THE
HEROIC MEN WHO SUFFERED FOR CONSCIENCE SAKE in 1662.
Top - Baxter, Left - Dr. Owen, Right - Charnock, Bottom - Howe
Top Left - We ought to obey God rather than man
Top Right - They forsook all and followed Him
Center - to the law and to the testimoney
Bottom Left - For our rejoicing is this the testimoney of our conscience
Bottom Right - They rest from their labours and their works do follow them
Bottom Center - Men of whom the world was not worthy.
An Act for the Uniformity of Public Prayers and administration of Sacraments and other Rites and Ceremonies: and for establishing the form of making, ordaining, and consecrating Bishops, Priests, and Deacons in the Church of England
Top - Archbishop Cranmer
Bottom left - Bishop Ridley
Bottom left - Bishop Latimer
"Bloody" Mary ascended the throne of England in 1553--of course at first she was only known as Queen Mary. However, at least two hundred people were put to death for their religious convictions during her reign (often cruelly), so in history she came to be known as "Bloody Mary."
Mary's father, King Henry VIII, had separated the Church of England from the Roman Catholic church, but he had not reformed the church's practices or doctrines. On Henry's death, his young son Edward became King. Many of Edward's advisors tried to move the English church in the direction of a more Biblical Christianity. Two such men were Nicholas Ridley and Hugh Latimer.
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